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俄罗斯冬天的极简照片 来自太阳的礼物 自然的馈赠——凝结成石的琥珀

透过罗曼诺夫家族照片 回看统治王朝起伏命运

历史上,俄罗斯和英国一直保持着密切的联系。我们将在图片库中为您呈现英国档案馆馆藏的罗曼诺夫家族照片。在这个难得的机会里,您将看到亚历山大三世(Alexander III)年轻时的样子,以及他的儿子尼古拉(Nikolai)在遇见妻子亚历山德拉•费奥多萝芙娜(Alexandra Fyodorovna)之前的容貌。
来源: 《透视俄罗斯》
根据史料记载,罗曼诺夫家族的子女是在非常严格的家教环境中成长起来的。他们睡在军床上,早上6点起床,住在装饰简单的房间里。只有圣像被华丽装饰。/尼古拉和他的弟弟格里高利(左)。
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根据史料记载,罗曼诺夫家族的子女是在非常严格的家教环境中成长起来的。他们睡在军床上,早上6点起床,住在装饰简单的房间里。只有圣像被华丽装饰。/尼古拉和他的弟弟格里高利(左)。
Historically, Russia and Great Britain have always been closely tied to one another. In our photo gallery, we would like to present you with photographs of the Romanovs from the British Archives. This is a unique opportunity see Alexander III in his youth and what his son Nikolai looked like before he met his wife, Alexandra Fyodorovna. / Grand Duchess Alexandra Josifovna, members of the Constantinovich branch of the Romanov dynasty.

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历史上,俄罗斯和英国一直保持着密切的联系。我们将在图片库中为您呈现英国档案馆馆藏的罗曼诺夫家族照片。在这个难得的机会里,您将看到亚历山大三世(Alexander III)年轻时的样子,以及他的儿子尼古拉(Nikolai)在遇见妻子亚历山德拉•费奥多萝芙娜(Alexandra Fyodorovna)之前的容貌。 /女大公亚历山德拉•约瑟佛芙娜(Alexandra Josifovna)—罗曼诺夫王朝康斯坦丁诺维奇分支成员。
Initially, Maria Fyodorovna, daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark, Princess Dagmar, was engaged to Alexander III’s brother, Nikolai. At the age of 21 and already engaged, he went abroad and, while there, died of tuberculosis. He was the oldest son and, thus, the heir to the throne. / Maria Fyodorovna and Alexander III

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最初,是由丹麦国王克里斯蒂安九世(Christian IX)的女儿达格玛(Dagmar)公主—玛丽亚•费奥多萝芙娜(Maria Fyodorovna)与亚历山大三世的哥哥尼古拉订的婚。订婚后,尼古拉去了国外,结果在21岁那年死于肺结核。亚历山大就成了长子,也因此成为王位继承人。 /玛丽亚•费奥多萝芙娜与亚历山大三世。
After Nikolai’s death, the Dagmars became very close to the Romanov family and Alexander. A year after his brother’s death, Alexander proposed to the future empress. After they married, she became Maria Fyodorovna. / Maria Fyodorovna

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尼古拉去世后,丹麦皇室与罗曼诺夫家族和亚历山大走得很近。在哥哥去世一年后,亚历山大向未来的皇后求婚。结婚后,达格玛公主成为玛丽亚•费奥多萝芙娜。 /玛丽亚•费奥多萝芙娜。
Maria Fyodorovna and Alexander III had a total of 6 children: their oldest son, Nikolai; Alexander, Grigory, Ksenia, Mikhail, and their youngest child, Olga. / Maria Fyodorovna with her son, Nikolai, who would become the last Romanov emperor

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玛丽亚•费奥多萝芙娜和亚历山大三世共育有6个子女:长子尼古拉;亚历山大、格里高利(Grigory)、克塞尼亚(Ksenia)、米哈伊尔(Mikhail)、还有最小的孩子奥尔加(Olga)。/玛丽亚•费奥多萝芙娜与儿子尼古拉—罗曼诺夫王朝最后一位皇帝。
From 1881 to 1893, Maria Fyodorovna carried the title of Empress. She was fond of art: she painted and, together with her husband, collected paintings, drawings, and rugs. / Maria Fyodorovna

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从1881年至1893年间,玛丽亚•费奥多萝芙娜一直贵为皇后。她喜爱艺术:爱画画,还与丈夫一起收藏绘画、素描和地毯。 /玛丽亚•费奥多萝芙娜
Alexandra Fyodorovna, the future wife of Emperor Nikolai II, at the age of 3.

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亚历山德拉•费奥多萝芙娜—沙皇尼古拉二世未来的妻子3岁时的样子。
Alix of Hesse, the future Alexandra Fyodorovna, first visited Russian when her older sister Ella married Nikolai’s brother, Sergey Alexandrovich, and became Elizabeta Fyodorvna. / Crown Prince Nikolai Alexandrovich

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黑森公主艾莉克斯(Alix)—未来的亚历山德拉•费奥多萝芙娜,在她的姐姐艾拉(Ella)嫁给尼古拉的弟弟谢尔盖•亚历山德罗维奇(Sergey Alexandrovich)成为伊丽莎贝塔•费奥多萝芙娜(Elizabeta Fyodorvna)的时候,第一次出访俄罗斯。/皇储尼古拉•亚历山德罗维奇(Nikolai Alexandrovich)。
The future spouses’ next meeting occurred 5 years later, when Alexandra Fyodorovna spent a month and a half visiting her sister in Saint Petersburg. Nikolai’s parents were against their marriage. / Alexander III, his wife and their children

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5年后,亚历山德拉•费奥多萝芙娜探望她的姐姐,并在圣彼得堡住了一个半月,这对未来的夫妻才第二次碰面。尼古拉的父母反对他们的婚姻。/亚历山大三世及妻子和他们的孩子。
Despite his parents’ disapproval, Nikolai and his beloved exchanged letters through Sergey, Nikolai’s brother. / Prince Alfred Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Nikolai II, Ernest Louis of Hesse, and Alfred Coburg, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

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尽管父母反对,尼古拉和心上人还是通过弟弟谢尔盖互致信函。/萨克森—科堡-哥达王子阿尔弗雷德(Alfred)、尼古拉二世、黑森王子欧内斯特•路易斯(Ernest Louis)和萨克森—科堡-哥达公爵阿尔弗雷德•科堡(Alfred Coburg)。
After Alexander III died, it became apparent that Nikolai, his oldest son, would assume the throne. After his father’s funeral in 1894, Nikolai married Alix of Hesse (the future Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna). / Crown Prince Nikolai Alexandrovich and his future wife, Alix of Hesse

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亚历山大三世去世后,显而易见,其长子尼古拉将继承王位。在1894年父亲的葬礼后,尼古拉迎娶了黑森公主艾莉克斯(未来的皇后亚历山德拉•费奥多萝芙娜)。/皇储尼古拉•亚历山德罗维奇和未来的妻子—黑森公主艾莉克斯。
The newlyweds spent their honeymoon in mourning. / Crown Prince Nikolai Alexandrovich and Alexandra Fyodorovna

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这对新婚夫妇的蜜月是在哀悼中度过的。/皇储尼古拉•亚历山德罗维奇和亚历山德拉•费奥多萝芙娜。
<a href=http://rbth.ru/multimedia/pictures/2013/09/23/europes_most_beautiful_princess_elizabeth_feodorovna_roma_30041.html target="_blank"> <u>Elizabeta Romanova </u> </a> helped the needy her whole life. However, she was killed by the Bolsheviks in the spring of 1918. After her death, she was canonized as a saint in the Russian Orthodox Church. She was and continues to be considered the most beautiful princess of Europe. / Alexandra Fyodorovna, the emperor’s wife; Irene of Hesse; Grand Duke Sergey Alexandrovich, the emperor’s brother; and, his wife, Elizabeta Fyodorovna, Alexandra Fyodorovna’s sister.

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伊丽莎贝塔•罗曼诺娃(Elizabeta Romanova)一生扶危济困。然而1918年的春天,还是被布尔什维克党人杀害。去世后,被封为俄罗斯东正教圣徒。至今仍被认为是欧洲最美丽的公主。/沙皇妻子—亚历山德拉•费奥多萝芙娜;黑森公主艾琳(Irene);沙皇弟弟—大公谢尔盖•亚历山德罗维奇、其妻—亚历山德拉•费奥多萝芙娜的姐姐伊丽莎贝塔•费奥多萝芙娜。
Nikolai II had five children from his marriage to Alexandra Fyodorovna: Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and their son, Alexei. / Alexandra Fyodorovna, Nikolai II, their youngest daughter Olga Nikolaevna, Queen Victoria, and the Prince of Wales

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尼古拉二世与亚历山德拉•费奥多萝芙娜共育有五个子女:女儿奥尔加(Olga)、塔季扬娜(Tatiana)、玛丽亚(Maria)、安娜斯塔西娅(Anastasia)以及儿子阿列克谢(Alexei)。/亚历山德拉•费奥多萝芙娜、尼古拉二世、他们的大女儿奥尔加•尼古拉耶夫娜、维多利亚女王和威尔士亲王。
All the children were <a href=http://rbth.ru/multimedia/pictures/2013/12/16/the_secret_lives_of_the_romanovs_32619.html target="_blank"> <u> raised together in the Imperial Palace</u> </a>. As Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna’s close friend Anna Vyrubova recalls, their oldest daughter Olga had a strong, straightforward character. / Emperor Nikolai II’s two oldest daughters: Princesses Olga (left) and Tatiana

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所有子女都在皇宫里一起被抚养长大。据皇后亚历山德拉•费奥多萝芙娜的密友安娜•维鲁波娃(Anna Vyrubova)回忆,他们的大女儿奥尔加性格坚定直爽。/沙皇尼古拉二世的两个大女儿:奥尔加公主(左)和塔季扬娜公主。
2014年2月12日
标签: 历史

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