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俄罗斯美女萨吉•卡扎诺娃:俄罗斯灰姑娘 俄紧急情况部:高精作战装备打造专业救援队

俄水彩画师高铭:透视画法再现冬宫的壮丽奢华

位于圣彼得堡的冬宫由意大利著名建筑师拉斯特雷利主持修建,是俄国巴洛克风格的建筑典范。根据沙皇尼古拉一世的要求,俄“建筑水彩画大师”高铭从19世纪50年代起开始绘制冬宫的内部图。这组同照片一样精确的水彩画展现了冬宫内部装潢的奢华和典雅。
来源: 《透视俄罗斯》
The Winter Palace, the Russian Empire's official residence in the 18th-20th centuries. Located in the heart of Saint Petersburg, this former imperial palace is now part of the Hermitage State Museum's complex. / Empress Maria Alexandrovna’s Crimson Cabinet
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Eduard Gau

冬宫在18世纪到20世纪期间是俄罗斯帝国统治者的官邸,位于圣彼得堡的核心地带。这座昔日的皇宫现在是埃尔米塔日博物馆的组成部分。 /皇后玛丽亚·亚历山德罗芙娜的深红色办公厅
The current building was constructed between 1754—1762 by the Italian architect Francesco Bartolomeo. Rastrelli in Elizabethan Baroque style. This term describes the Russian Baroque architectural style under Empress Elizabeth Petrovna (1741-61) that includes elements of French Rococo in interiors. / Concert Hall

Eduard Gau

现存于世的冬宫建筑是由意大利建筑师弗朗切斯科·桑巴特鲁姆·拉斯特雷利在1754年至1762年主持修建,建筑风格为伊丽莎白时代的巴洛克风格。该术语是指女沙皇伊丽莎白·彼得罗夫娜统治期间(1741年至1761年)的俄罗斯建筑风格,其中室内装潢融合法国洛可可风格元素。/音乐厅
Russian artist Eduard Gau illustrated in his watercolor paintings all of the splendor, brilliance, and opulence of the imperial palace’s interior. / The Great (Nicholas) Hall

Eduard Gau

俄罗斯画家爱德华·高铭在其水彩画中充分展示了皇宫内部的壮丽、辉煌和奢华。/大(尼古拉斯)厅
Starting in the 1850s, by order of Emperor Nikolai I, Gau started painting watercolors of the Winter Palace’s interior. / Fifth hall of the Military Gallery

Eduard Gau

根据沙皇尼古拉一世的要求,高铭从19世纪50年代开始用水彩描绘冬宫的内部图。/军事长廊第五大厅
Eduard Petrovich Gau (1807  —1887) was a master of “architectural watercolors”. He invariably paid special attention to objects’ perspectives. His artistic “interior portraits” are almost as accurate as a photograph: he painted extraordinarily minute details.  / Dressing Room

Eduard Gau

爱德华·彼得罗维奇·高铭(1807-1887)是“建筑水彩画”大师,对透视画法情有独钟。他的绘画作品“室内画像”精确得和照片如出一辙:他画出了非常微小的细节。/更衣室
It is well known that in the 1850s, Eduard Gau received an order from Emperor Nikolai I to paint the palace interiors at Tsarskoye Selo, Peterhof, and the Winter Palace. Later (in the 1860 and 1870, during the reign of Alexander II), Gau created images of the Nikolayevsky and Mikhailovsky Palaces in Saint Petersburg as well as the Grand Kremlin Palace (the Emperor’s official residence in Moscow). / Empress Maria Fedorovna’s Cabinet

Eduard Gau

在19世纪50年代,沙皇尼古拉一世授命爱德华·高铭绘制皇村、夏宫(彼得霍夫宫)和冬宫的室内景象。此后,在19世纪60、70年代亚历山大二世统治时期,高铭为圣彼得堡的尼古拉宫和米哈伊尔宫、莫斯科的沙皇官邸大克里姆林宫作画。/皇后玛丽亚·费奥多罗芙娜的办公厅
The Winter Palace illustrated in Gau's paintings was used as the official winter residence of Russian emperors from the time of its completion in 1762 through 1904. /  Alexander Hall

Eduard Gau

时常出现在高铭作品中的冬宫从1762年建造完工到1904年一直是俄罗斯沙皇的冬季官邸。/亚历山大大厅
In 1904, Nikolai II (the last Russian emperor) transferred the permanent residence to Alexandrovsky Palace in Tsarskoye Selo (the royal family's estate located near the city of Pushkin, 25 kilometers from Saint Petersburg). / Grand Duchesses’ Gothic salon

Eduard Gau

1904年,尼古拉二世(俄罗斯末代沙皇)移居到皇村(该皇家行宫毗邻普希金市,距圣彼得堡约25公里)的亚历山大宫。/女大公的哥特式会客厅
From October 1915 to November 1917, a hospital functioned in the Winter Palace. In addition, between June and November 1917, the palace was the location for the Provisional Government which removed the emperor from power by its decree in February of 1917. Then in October 1918, the Provisional Government was overthrown and the era of the Soviet Union began. / Salon in Rococo style with cupids

Eduard Gau

1915年10月至1917年11月,冬宫曾设立医院。1917年2月,俄国临时政府推翻了沙皇的统治,并在1917年6月至11月将据点设在冬宫。在1917年11月(俄历为10月),临时政府被推翻,苏联时代就此开启。/装饰有丘比特雕塑的洛可可风格会客厅
In January 1920, the State Museum of Revolution was opened in the Winter Palace. It shared the building with the State Hermitage right up until 1941. / Armorial Hall

Eduard Gau

1920年1月,冬宫设立国家革命博物馆。在1941年前国家革命博物馆和埃尔米塔日博物馆一同位于冬宫内。/纹章大厅(Armorial Hall)
Currently, the Winter Palace and the Hermitage Museum are one of the most popular attractions for tourists from around the world. / Empress Maria Alexandrovna’s boudoir

Eduard Gau

冬宫和埃尔米塔日博物馆如今是世界各地游客最喜欢的一大景点。 /皇后玛丽亚·亚历山德罗芙娜的闺房
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna’s boudoir

Eduard Gau

女大公玛丽亚·亚历山德罗芙娜的闺房
Emperor Alexander II’s library

Eduard Gau

沙皇亚历山大二世的图书馆
Empress Alexandra Feodorovna’s bedroom

Eduard Gau

皇后亚历山德拉·费奥多罗芙娜的卧室
Empress Alexandra Feodorovna’s dressing room

Eduard Gau

皇后亚历山德拉·费奥多罗芙娜的更衣室
Empress Alexandra Feodorovna’s White Salon

Eduard Gau

皇后亚历山德拉·费奥多罗芙娜的白色会客厅
First hall of the Military Gallery

Eduard Gau

军事长廊第一大厅
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna’s cabinet

Eduard Gau

女大公玛丽亚·亚历山德罗芙娜的办公厅
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna’s bedroom

Eduard Gau

女大公玛丽亚·亚历山德罗芙娜的卧房
Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna’s great cabinet

Eduard Gau

女大公玛丽亚·亚历山德罗芙娜的主办公厅
2014年3月20日
标签: 历史沙皇

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