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俄库兹巴斯大型煤矿:巨无霸矿车展现工业力量

位于西西伯利亚的库兹涅茨克盆地拥有着巨大的煤炭储量,其烟煤和焦煤开采量占到全俄总量的56%和80%。除了新年假期,矿区昼夜不停地开采煤炭,“巨无霸矿车”别拉斯-75600自卸卡车也在这里展现出惊人的运送能力。《透视俄罗斯》带您走进俄罗斯的黑金王国。
来源: 《透视俄罗斯》
<a href=http://gelio.livejournal.com/> <u>The Kuznetsk Basin (Kuzbass)</u> </a> is one of the largest coal mining areas in the world. It is situated in the Kemerovo region which is located in Western Siberia. The basin contains 58 shaft mines and 36 open pits.
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Slava Stepanov / GELIO

库兹涅茨克盆地(简称“库兹巴斯”)是世界最大的煤炭矿区之一,位于西西伯利亚的克麦罗沃地区,共有58处矿井和36个露天矿。
Kuzbass provides 56% of the soft coal mined in Russia and around 80% of all coking coal mined, while it provides 100% of high-value coking coal for the whole range of brands.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

库兹巴斯出产的烟煤和焦煤分别约占全俄开采总量的56%和80%。此外,俄罗斯所有品种的高质量焦煤均产自这里。
The Kuzbass’ oldest coal is estimated to be approximately 350 million years old.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

库兹巴斯年代最久远的煤炭约有3.5亿年的历史。
The Taldinsky Coal Mine is currently one of the most promising and actively developing open coal pits in the Kemerovo region. It was put into commission in 1986.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

目前,塔尔丁斯基煤区( Taldinsky)是克麦罗沃地区前景最好的采煤点之一,其露天煤矿正在积极开发中。早在1986年,该煤区便开始供煤。
There are over 900 million tons of coal reserves in the Taldinsky Coal Mine. At the current rate of mining (8.2 mil. tons/year), these reserves will last for 100 years (this does not take into consideration a third line that contains approximately 1 billion tons of reserves.)

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

塔尔丁斯基的煤矿储量为9亿多吨。以目前的开采速度(820万吨/年),该煤区能够持续开采100年(未算入储量约为10亿吨的第三条储煤层)。
Over 147 BelAZ and Komatsu dump trucks work in the mine’s expanses. Each truck has a carrying capacity ranging from 40 to 320 tons.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

超过147辆别拉斯矿车和小松自卸卡车在矿井地面上作业;每辆卡车的运载能力在40吨至320吨不等。
The largest dump truck is the BelAZ-75600, which can carry up to 320 tons and weighs 560 tons on its own! The BelAZ-75600 is the largest truck in the CIS.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

体积最大的矿车是别拉斯-75600自卸卡车,装载量可达320吨,自重更是高达560吨!别拉斯-75600是独联体国家里最大的卡车。
The BelAZ-75600 can transport up to three railroad cars of rock, dirt, and silt in one trip.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

别拉斯-75600自卸卡车每次可运输近3节火车皮的岩石、泥土和淤泥。
It uses 1000 liters of diesel fuel for every 100 kilometers traveled (approximately 265 gallons for every 60 miles). Its fuel tank has a capacity of 4360 liters. Each wheel weighs 8 tons and costs around one million rubles ($28,600). A special loader crane is needed just to put the tires on.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

别拉斯-75600自卸卡车每百公里消耗1000升柴油(约合265加仑/60英里),油箱容量为4360升。每个车轮重8吨,造价约100万卢布(约合2.86万美元)。给卡车换胎需要用到特殊的起重机。
Work continues around the clock. The only exception is the New Year holiday period.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

在库兹巴斯矿区,采掘工作昼夜不停地进行着,只有在新年假期例外。
Even in windless conditions, there is still always dust and smog from internal combustion engines that are running in the pit. In extremely low temperatures (below 40 degrees Celsius), the machinery stops until it warms up.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

即使在无风条件下,空气中仍然弥漫着灰尘和烟雾,这是矿场的内燃机工作所致。在极低温度下(-40°C),机械设备会暂停运行,直到气温回暖。
Kuznetsk coal is primarily used in Western Siberia, the Urals, and Russia’s European part. Recently, coal exports to primarily European consumers have risen by 41%.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

库兹涅茨克的煤炭主要销往西西伯利亚、乌拉尔地区和俄罗斯的的欧洲部分。近来,面向欧洲的煤炭出口上升了41%。
Coal was one of the first fossil fuels to be used by man. Its use helped usher in the Industrial Revolution, which, in turn, fostered the development of the coal industry by providing it with more modern technology.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

煤炭是人类最早使用的化石燃料之一。煤炭的使用促成了工业革命,而工业革命催生的先进技术又反过来促进了煤炭工业的发展。
On average, burning one kilogram (2.2 pounds) of this fuel releases 2.93 kg (6.46 lb) of carbon dioxide (CO2).

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

平均而言,燃烧1公斤煤要释放2.93公斤的二氧化碳(CO2) 。
In 1960, coal provided approximately half of the world’s energy production. By 1970, its share fell to one third. Coal use increases when prices for oil and other energy sources are especially high.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

1960年煤炭约占到全球能源开采的一半,1970年该比例下降到三分之一。当石油等能源价格非常高时,煤炭的使用量也会增加。
The cost of coal varies significantly since the quality of the coal and transportation costs heavily influence it. The average cost for one ton of coal in Russia costs about $180.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

煤炭的成本因煤炭质量和运输成本的不同而差距很大。在俄罗斯,每吨煤的平均成本为180美元左右。
2014年3月4日
标签: 汽车企业西伯利亚采掘工业采煤煤炭

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