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地下艺术殿堂:瞥影莫斯科地铁的十大在建站台

莫斯科地铁因其富丽堂皇的内部装饰而得到“地下艺术殿堂”这一美誉,成为莫斯科旅游的一大必去景点。历史悠久的莫斯科地铁现今迎来扩建,在未来四年内将陆续建成十个地铁站。这些新地铁站将继续延续莫斯科地铁的艺术与创意,令人流连忘返。
来源: 《透视俄罗斯》
Ramenki//The theme for Ramenki's design is inspired by the district's history: silhouettes of trees on a green background recall the oak groves that once existed in the area. In order to keep passengers safe, the edges of platforms are separated from the tracks by glass dividers with sliding doors./Approximate opening date: 2015
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拉缅基地铁站(Ramenki)//拉缅基地铁站的主题灵感源于所在地的历史:绿色背景下的树木剪影令人联想起曾存于这片区域的橡树林。为保护乘客安全,站台边缘与轨道将用玻璃滑动门隔开。/预计启用时间:2015年
Aviamotornaya//The station’s interiors reflect the theme from this old industrial district of Moscow. Aviamotornaya Station, which literally means 'aviation motor station' received its name in honor of the eponymous street. Initially, the street was named First Street of the All-Saints Settlement (in honor of the All-Saints Monastery), later known as First Sinichkinaya Street (taken from the Sinichka River, which flows in this area). In 1930, the Central Institute for Aviation Motor Development, where technological novelties of aviation engine building were developed, was built on this street. The street was then renamed Aviamotornaya./Approximate opening date: 2016.

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航空动力地铁站(Aviamotornaya)//该地铁站的内部装潢表达了莫斯科旧工业区这一主题。该地铁站名的字面意思是“航空发动机站”(音译为“阿维亚马托尔”),用以纪念同名街道。该街道最初被命名为“全圣第一大街”(用于纪念全圣修道院),后被称作“西尼契卡第一大街”(取自流经此地的西尼契卡河)。1930年,航空发动机中央研究所在这里落成,致力于用前沿技术制造航空发动机。从此,这条街更名为阿维亚马托尔街(译为航空动力街)。/预计启用时间:2016年。
Volkhonka//Because of its proximity to the Pushkin Museum, architects developed one of the station's projects in the form of an exhibition hall: they will decorate the vestibule with exact impressions of sculptures or copies of paintings from the museum's collection. The station is named after one of Moscow's oldest streets, where the Volkonsky noble family's possessions and the Volkhonka drinking establishment were located at the end of the 18th century./Opening in 2018

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沃尔洪卡(Volkhonka)//鉴于该地铁站邻近普希金博物馆,建筑师的设计方案之一即为将地铁站打造成展厅形式:计划用该博物馆馆藏的雕塑或绘画的高仿品来装饰站台大厅。该地铁站以莫斯科最古老的一条街道命名。在18世纪末,沃尔洪斯基贵族的家族财产和沃尔洪卡酒业就坐落在这条古街上。/将于2018年开放。
Spartak//This metro station, which is currently under construction, will be located next to Spartak Stadium. In 2018, the stadium, which features a seating capacity of 44,000, will be one of the main arenas for the FIFA World Cup. The station is named after the famous football team of the same name. The Spartak football club is called the winningest club in Russia for good reason. It was champion of the Soviet Union 12 times, champion of Russia 9 times, won the Russian Cup 3 times, and has been a semifinalist in two main European club tournaments (the Champions Cup and the UEFA Cup)./Approximate opening date: 2014

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斯巴达克地铁站(Spartak)///这个在建地铁站邻近斯巴达克体育场。在2018年,能容纳4.4万名观众的斯巴达克体育场将是俄罗斯世界杯的主赛场之一。斯巴达克足球俱乐部是俄罗斯最当之无愧的常胜球队,该体育场正是冠以这家著名球队之名。斯巴达克足球俱乐部共荣获12个苏联联赛冠军、9个俄罗斯联赛冠军,还曾3次斩获俄罗斯杯,并在两大重要的欧洲俱乐部赛事(欧冠杯和欧联杯)中挺进半决赛。/预计启用时间:2014年。
Troparevo//Extending the Sokolnicheskaya (red) line to Troparevo will allow the number of passengers at the neighboring station, Yugo-Zapadnaya, to be cut in half. One of the exits leads to Troparevsky Forest Park, one of Muscovites' beloved recreational areas. The station is named after the Troparevo-Nikylino district of Moscow. A village once stood on this spot and it is from one of the village’s owners that the area gets its name./Opening in 2014

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特罗帕廖夫地铁站(Troparevo)//将索科利尼基线(地铁红色1号线)延伸至特罗帕廖夫站,能为附近的西南地铁站分担一半的客流量。该在建地铁站的出口可通向莫斯科市民最喜爱的一大休闲娱乐场所——特罗帕廖夫森林公园。该地铁站以莫斯科特罗帕廖夫-尼库林诺地区命名。该地区曾是一片农庄,村名得来于农庄的某位拥有者。/将于2014年开放。
Fonvizinskaya//This station gets its name from Denis Fonvizin, a writer and playwright from the time of Catherine the Great in the 18th century. He authored the famous comedy, 'Nedorosl', roughly translated as 'Young Ignoramus'./Opening in 2014

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冯维辛地铁站(Fonvizinskaya)//该地铁站冠以18世纪凯瑟琳大帝时期的著名作家及剧作家杰尼斯·冯维辛之名。他创作了著名喜剧《纨绔少年》,简单而言就是指“年少无知的人”。/将于2014年开放
Kosino-Ukhtomskaya//The new Kosino-Ukhtomskaya metro station gets its name from the Kosino-Ukhtomsky district where it will be built. This spot once featured one of the oldest villages in the Moscow region: Kosino. According to one account, the name ‘Kosino’ came from the Russian word kosa, meaning ‘plaid’, because of a long sandbank formed by three local lakes: Chyornoye, Beloye, and Svyatoye (Black, White, and Holy, respectively). This also happens to be the place where the future Russian Emperor, Peter the Great, tried his hand at marine navigation./Opening in 2015

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科西诺-乌赫托姆地铁站(Kosino-Ukhtomskaya)//科西诺-乌赫托姆地铁站的名字来源于其所在地科西诺-乌赫托姆地区。这里曾经坐落着莫斯科州最古老的一大村庄——科西诺。一种说法认为,“科西诺”来源于俄语词“kosa”,意指“发辫”,暗喻当地的三个湖泊黑湖(Chyornoye)、白湖(Beloye)和圣湖(Svyatoye)冲击所形成的狭长沙洲。后来的俄国沙皇彼得大帝正是在这里首次尝试出海航行。/将于2015年开放。
Seligerskaya//The station gets its name from the heroic battles waged by Soviet troops against Nazi troops in the Battle of Moscow on Lake Seliger./Approximate opening date: 2015

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谢利格尔地铁站(Seligerskaya)//该地铁站名来源于谢利格尔湖。在莫斯科战役中,苏联军队曾在谢利格尔湖地区英勇抗击纳粹军队。//预计启用时间:2015年。
Lomonosovsky Prospekt//This station’s design will use graphic elements that look like intersecting series of numbers that symbolize the exact sciences and reflect the station's connection with the near-by Moscow State University, as well as Lomonosov's scientific pursuits. Mikhail Lomonosov was the first Russian scientist and naturalist of world renown, an encyclopedist, a chemist, and a physicist. He developed the plans for Moscow University, which was later named in his honor./Approximate opening date: 2015

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罗蒙诺索夫大街地铁站(Lomonosovsky Prospekt)//该地铁站的装饰将用到图表与数字元素的交叉叠放。这不仅象征着精确科学,也说明地铁站毗邻莫斯科国立大学,代表着罗蒙诺索夫的科学追求。米哈伊尔·罗蒙诺索夫是俄罗斯首位拥有世界知名度的科学家、博物学家、百科全书编纂者、化学家和物理学家。他发起了莫斯科大学建设计划。为纪念罗蒙诺索夫,莫斯科大学后来以其名字命名。/预计启用时间:2015年。
Nekrasovka//Since this station is located on the territory of former irrigation fields (Lyuberetskiye Fields), the architects tried to reflect the land's ecology in the station's design. Nekrasovka Station will be erected in the district by the same name in Moscow's southeast administrative region. The village has been called Nekrasovka since the end of the 19th century, deriving its name from the estate's last owner, Yegor Nekrasov. He was a merchant who traded tea in Moscow and owned eateries.  At the beginning of the 20th century, the Moscow city government bought the land from Nekrasov to construct irrigation fields. Later, the Lyuberetsky aeration station was built here./Opening in 2015

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涅克拉索夫卡地铁站(Nekrasovka)//考虑到该地铁站坐落在曾经的灌溉田地(柳别尔齐田地)之上,建筑师尝试在地铁站的设计中反映出这片土地的生态环境。涅克拉索夫卡地铁站与其所在区同名,位于莫斯科的东南行政区。自19世纪末,当地村庄一直被称作涅克拉索夫卡,得名于村庄的最后拥有者叶戈尔·涅克拉索夫卡。他在莫斯科经营茶叶,并拥有餐馆。20世纪初,莫斯科市政府从涅克拉索夫卡手中收购了这片土地,将其改造成灌溉田,后来还在此地建设柳别尔齐曝气站。/将于2015年开放。
2014年3月3日
标签: 莫斯科俄中旅游俄罗斯城市

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